During pregnancy, some women have health issues. These issues can affect the health of the mother, the fetus, or both. Even women who were in good health prior to becoming pregnant can have difficulties. Because of these problems, the pregnancy may be classified as a high-risk pregnancy. By allowing health care practitioners to diagnose, treat, or manage diseases before they become serious, getting early and frequent prenatal care can help reduce the risk of difficulties. Prenatal care can also aid in the detection of pregnancy-related mental health issues such as anxiety and depression.
Most pregnancy complications are manageable with prompt treatment. Here are some common complications of pregnancy you should know about
Here are some pregnancy problems:
High blood pressure
When the arteries delivering blood from the heart to the body organs narrow, it causes high blood pressure, commonly known as hypertension. The arteries' pressure rises as a result of this. Blood flow to the placenta, which gives nutrition and oxygen to the foetus during pregnancy, may be hampered as a result. Reduced blood supply can cause the foetus' growth to be slowed, putting the mother at risk for preterm labour and preeclampsia.
Gestational diabetes develops when a woman who did not have diabetes prior to pregnancy acquires it while pregnant. Hormonal changes caused by pregnancy cause the body to either not generate enough insulin or not utilise it properly, resulting in gestational diabetes. Instead, the glucose in your blood builds up, resulting in diabetes, often known as high blood sugar.Infections
During pregnancy and/or delivery, infections, particularly some sexually transmitted infections (STIs), can cause issues for the pregnant woman, the pregnancy, and the infant following delivery. Some illnesses can be passed from mother to child after delivery when the baby travels through the birth canal, while others can infect a foetus during pregnancy.
During pregnancy, some illnesses might cause or contribute to:
- Miscarriage or loss of pregnancy (before 20 weeks of pregnancy)
- Pregnancy that is ectopic (when the embryo implants outside of the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube)
- Labor and delivery in a preterm baby (before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy)
- Birth defects such as blindness, deafness, bone deformities, and intellectual incapacity (at or after 20 weeks of pregnancy)
- Illness at the newborn stage (first month of life)
- Death of a newborn child
- Complications in the mother's health
Preeclampsia is a dangerous medical condition that can result in a premature birth or death. Its source is unknown; however, some women are more susceptible than others. Some of the risk factors are:
- High blood pressure, diabetes, renal disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus in previous pregnancies
- Preeclampsia in a previous pregnancy
- Being at least 35 years old
- Having two or more foetuses
Preterm labour happens before the 37th week of pregnancy. Any baby born before 37 weeks has a higher risk of developing health problems, owing to the fact that organs like the lungs and brain finish developing in the final weeks before a full-term delivery.
Infections, a shorter cervix, and past preterm births are all factors that raise the chance of premature labour.
Depression & Anxiety
According to research, up to 13% of women experience recurrent symptoms of depression after childbirth, and up to 43% of depressed pregnant and postpartum women experience anxiety, placing pregnancy-related melancholy and anxiety among the most prevalent pregnancy problems. These medical disorders can have a substantial impact on the mother's and her child's health.
The term "miscarriage" refers to a pregnancy loss that happens before 20 weeks because of natural reasons. The symptoms are vaginal spotting or bleeding, cramps, or fluid or tissue passing from the vagina. However, vaginal bleeding doesn’t necessarily indicate a miscarriage. Women who notice this symptom at any stage during their pregnancy should consult their doctor.
Stillbirth means the loss of a pregnancy after the 20th week of pregnancy. Chromosomal abnormalities, placental disorders, poor foetal growth, chronic health issues in the mother, and infection are all factors that can lead to stillbirth.
Other pregnancy issues include the following:
- While nausea and vomiting are common throughout pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, some women have more severe symptoms that linger far into the third trimester.
- The reason for hyperemesis gravidarum, a more severe variant of this condition, is unknown. Hyperemesis gravidarum causes persistent nausea, weight loss, decreased appetite, dehydration, and dizziness in pregnant women.
- Affected women may need to be admitted to the hospital for fluids and nutrition. Some women feel better post 20th week of pregnancy, while others have symptoms all the way through the pregnancy.
- Anemia due to a lack of iron. Due to the increased volume of blood produced during pregnancy, pregnant women require more iron than usual. Iron deficiency anaemia, or a lack of iron in the body, is quite prevalent during pregnancy and is linked to premature birth and low birth weight. Feeling weary or weak, having shortness of breath, and getting pale are all signs of an iron deficiency.
Published on: 07th October 2021